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Balanitis is inflammation of the glans penis and is a common condition affecting an estimated % of males. Balanitis can occur in males at. La perionixis y la onixis por Candida no son muy frecuentes y precisan un diagnóstico certero para su tratamiento. are associated with the use of dental prostheses, and among young adults candidal balanitis and vulvovaginitis are frequent. Request PDF on ResearchGate | Candida balanitis: Risk factors | The Segunda parte:diagnóstico, tratamiento y situación de algunos países latinoamericanos.

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You can change the settings or obtain more information by clicking here. All authors read and approved the final version. Frequency distribution of Candida species causing invasive candidiasis in Mexico during the — period. Acta Cient Estud, 7pp. In contrast, other species such as C.

Current status of the etiology of candidiasis in Mexico | Revista Iberoamericana de Micología

This discrepancy is due to the balanjtis that fungal infections are not notifiable diseases. The articles reviewed were those which included studies carried out in Mexico on superficial or invasive candidiasis with the Candida isolates identified at the species level by phenotypical or genotypical methods.

In addition, this finding reveals the need to implement in canidda laboratories the molecular methods for the correct identification of the species involved, and the antifungal susceptibility tests to prevent the etiological changes associated with a poor therapeutic management.


However, these data do not agree with the findings of the literature review, in which besides genital candidiasis other clinical forms of superficial candidiasis are also frequent.

BioMed Res Int,pp.

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These data reveal that, in Mexico, the prevalence of superficial candidiasis is slightly greater than that of the invasive one, probably because factors predisposing to the superficial form humidity, inadequate hygiene, pediatric age, pregnancy, hypothyroidism and type 2 diabetes mellitus are more frequent than those predisposing to the invasive form.

Acta Microbiol Immunol Hung, 54pp. Infect Disord Drug Targets, 15pp. This situation represents an additional problem to the lack of specific tratamient methods because antifungal resistance may depend on the Candida species; thus, it is essential to perform this identification for the proper management of the patients. Regarding invasive candidiasis, 15 publications reported cases Table 2.

The genus Candida includes more than species, of which Candida albicansCandida glabrataCandida parapsilosisCandida tropicalisCandida kruseiCandida guilliermondii [current name Meyerozyma guilliermondii Wick. Rev Argent Microbiol, 46pp.

Deoxyribonucleic acid fingerprinting methods for Candida species. The etiological behavior of candidiasis in Mexico is similar to that in other countries.

Rev Latinoam Patol Clin, 59pp. Surveillance of Candida spp. Mycopathologia,pp. Aspectos actuales de las enfermedades invasoras causadas The prevalence of each type of candidiasis oral, genital, cutaneous, balanitid and invasive was estimated considering the number of the patients with each type of trqtamiento and the total population.


Bioinformation, 10pp. Outbreak of Candida parapsilosis in a neonatal intensive care unit: Frecuencia de portadores de C. Geographical differences in human oral yeast flora. In vitro activity of voriconazole against Mexican oral yeast isolates.

In addition, it has been observed that the color of the colonies is gradually lost with subculturing or storage of the strains, 28 leading to misidentifications. Performance of optimized McRAPD in identification of 9 yeast species frequently isolated from patient samples: Twenty-one articles on superficial candidiasis were found published between andof which 18 were selected based on the inclusion criteria.

Studies carried out in other countries; studies that reported the identification of Candida only at the genus level or that did not report the number of the isolates of Candida identified at the species level were not included. Frequency distribution of Candida species causing superficial candidiasis in Mexico during the — period.

Candida is the main causative agent of mycosis in humans, but the epidemiology of candidiasis varies according to the geographical region. In superficial candidiasis, the Candida isolates were identified by conventional methods: Estudios de sensibilidad en levaduras. Antifungal resistance in Candida isolated from oral and diaper rash candidiasis in neonates.