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Cataphora and anaphora are the two main types of endophora–that is, reference to an item within the text itself. Anaphora cataphora, endophora. Cohesive ties – typology. Reading: Dušková, L. Studies in the English Language. Part 2. Praha: Karolinum, Chapter Anaphora and Cataphora. LG. Loreto Garrido. Updated 10 November Transcript. This is what Fabian said. That all men were created equally.

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The Case of The Others”. Quantification et anaphore discursive: Retrieved 19 May Routledge dictionary of language and linguistics. Strict cross-sentence cataphora where the antecedent is an entire sentence is fairly common cross-linguistically:.

The student saw herself in the mirror. Although 1 and 2 can both be said of a situation in which one person is studying hard to take the test for another person, only in 1 can both the studier and the person who should be taking the test can be one in the same.

The anaphoric referring term is called an anaphor. He ‘s my boyfriend Nick.

Journal of Semantics, 20, 73— Deictic proforms are stereotypical exophors, e. A Resource Book for Students: I should have known it: And then you have 3.


Anaphora (linguistics)

Cataphora is a type of anaphoraalthough the terms anaphora and anaphor are sometimes used in a stricter sense, denoting only cases where the order of the expressions is the reverse of that found in cataphora.

It can build suspense and provide a description.

There are many anaphoraa that attempt to prove how anaphors are related and trace back to their antecedents, with centering theory Grosz, Joshi, and Weinstein being one of them.

Both cataphora and anaphora are types of endophora.

Anaphora and Cataphora by Loreto Garrido on Prezi

He ‘s the biggest slob I know. In complement anaphora cases, however, the anaphor refers to something that is not yet present in the discourse, since the pronoun’s referent has not been formerly introduced, including the case of ‘everything but’ what has been introduced. A, B, C, D. Newer ] [ Older. The second thing to notice is that the following two sentences have different coreference properties: Before we get too far, there are limits to what anaphors can refer to.

A proform is a cataphor when it points to its right toward its postcedent.

So, for example, the pronouns in the following abaphora are anaphors:. He ‘s really stupid. Uses authors parameter Pages using web citations with no URL. Until further revealed by additional contextual words, gestures, images or other mediaa listener may not even know what monarchy or historical period is being discussed, and even after hearing her name is Elizabeth does not know, anphora if an English-UK Queen Elizabeth becomes indicated, if this queen means Queen Elizabeth I or Queen Elizabeth II and must await further clues in additional communications.


Anaphora Resolution and Text Retrieval. Complement anaphora and interpretation. Figures of speech Pragmatics Semantics.

All Things Linguistic

But in 2they absolutely cannot! In a broad sense, it denotes the act of referring. Anaphors and cataphors appear in bold, and their antecedents and postcedents are underlined:. A further distinction is drawn between endophoric and exophoric reference. It may help to remember these terms anaphoda etymology: Broadly speaking, an anaphor is a word that refers back to a previous word.