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Time matters, either one consider it to be valuable or not. Studying time in conjunction with communication is studying Chronemics. Chronemics is the study of the use of time in nonverbal communication. The way that an individual would perceive and value time, structure our time and react to. Here i am uploading my PPT on Proxemics and Chronemics, It is the part of Communication Skills as pre GTU syllabus.

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It’se easy to relate these developments to environmental and sustainability issues. Monochronic chronemicw pushes for owning, efficiency, results and growth which seems to keep the production-consumption-wheel spinning faster and faster, and the polychronics having difficulties to keep up.

What does chronemics mean?

Polychronicity is in contrast to those who prefer monochronicity doing one thing at a time. A monochronic culture, more concerned with time, deadlines and schedules, tends to grow impatient and want to rush to “close the deal. One does what is agreed chronfmics while the other does something that is potentially better. The chronemics of nonverbal communication is also a big thing between cultures – it can make the difference between a successful and disastrous meetings, dates, co-working and so on.

This difference is also highly correlated to cultural differences:. The way that an individual would perceive and value time, structure our time and react to time is a powerful commnication tool, and helps set the stage for the communication process.

The interpersonal adaptation theory IATfounded by Judee Burgoon, states that adaptation in interaction is responsive to the needs, expectations, and desires of communicators and affects how communicators position themselves in relation to one another and adapt to one another’s communication.


We have schedules that we must follow: This page was last edited on 6 Decemberat Lower status individuals however, may have less formalized schedules. This does chtonemics mean that the superior works less. Polychronic societies have no problem being “late” for an appointment if they are deeply focused on some work or in a meeting that ran past schedule, because the concept of time is fluid and can easily expand or contract as need be.

Such practices are more associated with those in non-supervisory roles or in blue collar rather than white collar professions. Likewise, research shows that turn-taking is also influenced by power.

Meetings between superiors and subordinates provide an opportunity to communixation this concept. The way in which different cultures perceive commmunication can influence communication as well.

Americans think they have, a future orientation. Time has a definite relationship to power. Bruneau of Radford University coined the term “chronemics” in the late s to help define the function of time in human interaction:.

More specifically, chronemics involves the study of both subjective and objective human tempos as they influence and are interdependent with human behavior. Previously, these interdependent and integrated levels have been outlined and discussed as: Conflicting attitudes between the monochronic and polychronic perceptions of time can interfere with cross-cultural relations, and similar challenges can occur within an otherwise assimilated culture.

They are not ruled by precise calendars and schedules. Chronemics Chronemics is the study of the use of time in nonverbal communication. Chronemics is the study of the role of time in communication. Okay, this section is not about nonverbal communication. Developed by Judee Burgoonexpectancy violations theory EVT sees communication as the exchange of information which is high in relational content and can be used to violate the expectations of another which will be perceived as either positively or negatively depending on the liking between the two people.


Take a simple test. This difference is also highly correlated to cultural differences: Albert Mehrabian noted that deviation from this pattern led to negative perceptions of the subordinate by the superior.

The use of time as a communicative channel can be a powerful, yet subtle, force in face-to-face interactions. Beginning and ending a communication interaction in the workplace is also controlled by the higher-status individual in an organization.

On a personal level – crossing the border. See Wikipedia’s guide to writing better articles for suggestions. We use time to structure both our daily lives and events that we are planning for the future. The importance of nonverbal communication. The spreading may also be at the expense of the polychronic culture where other values reside – values that facilitate a sharing- and recycle-economy. The use of time can affect lifestyles, daily agendas, speed of speech, movements and how long people are willing to listen.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Finally, the schedule and appointment calendar of the higher status individual will commujication precedence in determining where, when and the importance of a specific event or appointment.


Good commknication verbal communication articles on other sites. Different perceptions of time across cultures can influence global communication. The length of response follows the same pattern.