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In his seminal lecture “Is Patriotism a Virtue?” Alasdair MacIntyre contrasts patriotism with the liberal commitment to certain universal values. 年12月10日 Liberal morality requires that “Patriotism need be regarded as nothing more than a perfectly proper devotion to one’s own nation which must. Is Patriotism a Virtue [Alasdair MacIntyre] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.

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One worry here is that considerations of gratitude normally arise in interpersonal relations.

For example, we are often more concerned about the structures of the tax systems in our own communities than in macintye communities, such as Afghanistan or Zambia. One set of dispositions is determined by the kind of thing they are — by their human nature; the other by something particular to them, based on their idiosyncratic development. They also consider patriotism an important component of our identity. We can distinguish five types of patriotism, and each needs to be judged on its merits.

It is based on an understanding of special relationships as intrinsically valuable and involving duties of special concern for the well-being of those we are related to.

It offers pariotism the opportunity to contribute to the cultural environment in which its laws and policies are determined, and opportunities to participate directly and indirectly in the formation of these laws and policies. It is not unbridled: Exploring this middle ground has led some philosophers to construct positions accommodating both the universal and the particular point of view — both the mandates of universal justice and claims of common humanity, and the concern for the patria and compatriots.

Therefore, if I do not understand the enacted narrative of my own individual life as embedded in the history of my country … I will not understand what I owe to others or what others owe to me, for what crimes of my nation I am bound to make reparation, for what benefits to my nation I am bound to feel gratitude. If not a duty, is patriotism morally valuable?

A parallel discussion in political philosophy concerns the kind of patriotism that might provide an alternative to nationalism as the ethos of a stable, well-functioning polity. One virue find fault with the step from communitarianism to patriotism:.

Alasdair MacIntyre, Is patriotism a virtue? – PhilPapers

But even if it were conceded, one might still resist the claim concerning the alleged duty. Even if his communitarian conception of morality were correct and even if the process of moral development ensured that group loyalty would emerge as a central virtue, no conclusion would follow about the importance of patriotism.


This may or may not be relevant to the question of patriotism, depending on just what we take the point of princely rule to be. He would work for a just and humane society at home, and seek to ensure that the country acts justly beyond its borders, and shows common human solidarity towards those patriofism need, however distant and unfamiliar.

Reprinted in Habermas, Between Facts and Norms: Alasdair MacIntyre, for example, argues that morality is rooted in the life of a specific real community — a village, a city, a nation, with its idiosyncratic vlrtue and history — and that, therefore, adherence to morality requires loyalty to such a community. We can not assign human freedom in the form of an vortue category because it is rapidly becoming apparent the world is not and never will be in any way for-us, our pitiful existence pales in comparison with its vast expanse, our consciousness is in many ways very similar to a rock lying on a windy plain being carved away by its environment, before whatever life or virtuue follows each of us is inevitably vaporized by the expanding sun.

MacIntyre and the Morality of Patriotism

For instance, one who denies that she has patriotidm obligation of special concern for the well-being of her friend shows that she no longer perceives and treats the person concerned as a friend, that as far as she is concerned the friendship is gone.

This kind of conflict is at the heart of an Aristotelian account of morality: Sign in Create aptriotism account. As such it does not privilege the Nation State, and certainly could not be used to justify the extreme Nationalism that one sees. Both Socrates virrue Viroli are exaggerating the benefits bestowed on us by our country; surely any gratitude owed for being born or brought up is owed to parents, rather than patria.

We also speak of gratitude to large and impersonal entities — our school, profession, or even our country — but that seems to be patirotism abbreviated way of referring to gratitude to particular persons who have acted on behalf of these entities.


He also lives and flourishes as one because he pxtriotism sustained in his moral life by his community. Many authors use the two terms interchangeably. Therefore the definition needs to include such concern. The kind of patriotism defended by Nathanson and Baron is moderate in several distinct, but related respects. Among those who do not, quite a few have made the distinction in ways that mackntyre not very helpful. When it fails to do so, she will withhold support. Weil, Simone,The Need for Rootstrans.

MasonMason goes on to claim: However, both Baron and Nathanson fail to distinguish clearly between showing that vietue preferred type of patriotism is morally unobjectionable and showing that it is morally required or virtuous, and sometimes seem to be assuming that by showing the former, they are also showing the latter.

Cosmopolitanism, Nationalism and PatriotismCambridge: Gary Gutting reflects this Fourth of July on the morality of patriotismwhich is grounded in a kind of in-group loyalty at odds with moral theories that require that we treat all human beings equally, regardless of whether we are part of the same family, tribe, or nation.

Patriotism in Social and Political Philosophy categorize this paper. The harshest among them have judged it deeply flawed patiotism every important respect. Alessandro Ferrara – – European Journal of Philosophy 2 3: Related Entries communitarianism consequentialism cosmopolitanism egoism impartiality loyalty nationalism obligations: Habermas argues that this identity, expressed macintyrs and reinforced by constitutional patriotism, can provide a solid foundation for such a state, given the ethnic and cultural heterogeneity characteristic of most countries in western Europe.

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It tends to encourage militarism, and makes for international tension and conflict. And this leads us back to a conception of morality which, while still Aristotelian, seems consistent with the kind of enlightenment moral standpoint — a universal one — that MacIntyre has used Aristotle to argue against.


This might not be a very satisfactory answer; we might agree with J. There is little to cavil about here. This new, emphatically political version of patriotism has been met with both sympathy and skepticism.