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The Arthashastra is the title of a handbook for running an empire, written by Kautilya (also known as Chanakya, c. BCE) an Indian. Arthashastra, the treatise on Economic Administration was written by Kautilya in the 4th century before Christ. It consists of 15 chapter, Shlokas and INTRODUCTION PURUSHARTAS MEANING OF ARTHA MEANING OF ARTHASHASTRA KAUTILYA ROLE OF ARTHASHASTRA IN.

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The Arthashastra explores issues of social welfarethe collective ethics that hold a society together, advising the king that in times and in areas devastated by famine, epidemic and such acts of nature, or by war, he should initiate public projects such as creating irrigation waterways and building forts around major strategic holdings and towns and exempt taxes on those affected.

This article is the first in a series of arthasbastra which will deal the Arthashastra and what summaey has to say about statecraft and military strategy although the Arthashastra contains information on the administration of the state and economy.

More recent scholarship presents a arthashastfa nuanced reception for the text. Governance – Role Of Ethics. The Arthashastra then posits its own theory that there are four necessary fields of knowledge, the Vedasthe Anvikshaki philosophy of SamkhyaYoga and Lokayata[note 2] the science of government and the science of economics Varta of agriculture, cattle and trade.

However, adds Trautmann, this does not mean that Kautilya kautilyw advocating a capitalistic free market economy. In the fight between the dog and ssummary pig, the ultimate victory is that of the pariah who gets the meat to eat. Journal of Indian Philosophy. The “call rights” and staggered bid buying is not truly a kauttilya market, states Trautmann. Kangle published a critical edition of the text, based on all the available manuscripts.

It was written by Kautilya around BC. In the absence of governance, the strong will swallow the weak. To undermine a ruling oligarchy, make chiefs of the [enemy’s] ruling council infatuated with women possessed of great beauty and youth.

Posted by Anuja Misra at 7: Winning over Seducible and Non-Seducible parties in enemy territory. Most agree that his work can be read as an adequate description of his time, yet also serving as a practical manual of how to govern.


The jargon related to Human Resource Management was not prevalent then, but its essence was widely practised in Kautilya’s times. Quarrels among individuals may be resolved by winning over the leaders or by removing the reason for the quarrel – individuals fighting among people themselves facilitate the king by competing with each other. Vishnugupt’s better known as Kautilya, or Chanakya c. From hearing arthsahastra ensues arthashasgra from knowledge, application yoga is possible; and from application, self-possession atmavatta is possible.

During his period society underwent a lot of summar with the rise and fall of empires, and invasions of the Yavans Greeks under Alexander the Great. Kautilya’s Arthashastra identified the significance of training and learning. The Raja-rishi has self-control and does not fall for the temptations of the senses, he learns continuously and cultivates his thoughts, arthashastta avoids false and flattering advisors and rathashastra associates with the true and accomplished elders, he is genuinely promoting the security and welfare of his people, he enriches and empowers his people, he practices ahimsa non-violence against all living beingshe lives a simple life and avoids harmful people or activities, he keeps away from another’s wife nor craves for other people’s property.

Kautilya used the word ‘dharma’ which in general, means ‘duty’ and righteousness in personal and social conduct.

The Arthashastra Summary – A Treatise on Statecraft and Military Strategy

Arthashastra by Kautilyatranslated by R. Truly radical “Machiavellianism”, in the popular sense of that word, is classically expressed in Indian literature in the Arthashastra of Kautilya written long before the birth of Christ, ostensibly in the time of Chandragupta: The verses cited have been dismissed as later additions. The same individual is meant in each case.

Thomas Trautmann states that the Arhtashastra in chapter 3. Kumud Smmary states that the text may be a picture of actual conditions in Kautilya’s times.

When the degree of progress is the same in pursuing peace and waging war, peace is to be preferred. Kautilya arthashasstra His Arthashastra. Seeing India through Brazilian eyes. Whatever pleases him personally, he shall not consider as good, but whatever makes his subjects happy, he shall consider good.

The Arthashastra – A Treatise on Statecraft and Military Strategy

Arthashastra stipulates restraint on taxes imposed, fairness, atthashastra amounts and how tax increases should is implemented. This is the state of unfulfilled desires. Do You Like This Story?


Wikipedia articleWikidata item. The best king symmary the Raja- rishithe sage king. As a political thinker, he was the first to visualise the concept of a ‘nation’ for the first time in human history.

Arthashastra and state We should never forget that the Arthashastra means by the “state” an order of society which is not created by the king or the people, but which they exist to secure. Shama Shastri aroused much interest and a fierce debate about its composition ensued among scholars. Tell us what you didn’t like in the comments.

India and Its Armies.

Arthashastra – Wikipedia

It also reflects Machiavellian ideas about the ruler’s risks of incurring the hatred of kaufilya subjects through arbitrary and unjust legislation.

According to Ganpat Shastri the author was Kautilya because he was born arthashastrs Kautila gotra a clan among the Brahmans of Indiahe was called Chanakya because he was born at Chanak and was named Vishnugupta by his parents.

The authorship and date of writing are unknown, and there is evidence that the surviving manuscripts are not original and have been modified in their history but were most likely completed in the available form between 2nd-century BCE to 3rd-century CE. A ruler who administers justice on the basis of four principles: Further, state Waldauer et al.

Where scriptural laws conflict with what is righteous and just, there justice shall be the valid criterion, the written text loses its relevance. He regarded economic activity as the driving force behind the functioning of any political dispensation. Kautilya’s discussion of taxation kautikya several underlying principles – the taxing power of the state should be limited, tax should not be felt to be heavy or excessive, tax hikes kautulya be introduced gradually, tax should be levied in the proper place, time and form, and tax level should be equitable and reasonable.

Book 3 of the Arthashastra, states Trautmann, is dedicated to civil law, including sections relating to economic relations of employer and employee, partnerships, sellers shmmary buyers.