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THE title al-Khulafa ar:Rashidun, or ‘the rightly. guided Khalifas’, is given to the four who immedi·. ~te1Y”’succeeded Mu1:Iammad-Abu Bakr,’Umar. ‘lJthman and . Those Caliphs who truly followed in the Prophet’s foot steps are called ‘The Rightly-Guided Caliphs’ (Al-Khulafa-ur Rashidun in Arabic). KHULAFA-E-RASHIDUN Khulafa or Caliphs are the leaders of an Islamic state or The period of rule of the Khulafa E Rashid or Khulafa ar Rashidun was of.

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Umar expanded the treasury and established a government building to administer the state finances. Its registers were kept by Greeks, Copts and Persians; the Arabs, it may be said in general, adopted the method of administration which they found in the captured countries and drew upon the trained services of their inhabitants.

Most of the areas submitted without a fight. As a result, many palatial buildings were constructed throughout the empire with Uthman himself building a huge palace in Medina which was famous and, named Al-Zawar ; he constructed it from his personal resources.

Abu Bakr Umar Uthman Ali. The Sword of Allah: The success of these raids made Abdullah Ibn Sa’ad feel that a regular campaign should be undertaken for the conquest of North Africa. It has been pointed out in history that the fact that Muhammad ordered his companions, but not his family, to leave Medina right before he knew he was about to die [31] is proof that he did not intend for his companions to decide on his succession.

Abdullah Ibn Sa’ad used to send raiding parties to khualfa west. He held that the allowance should be graded according to one’s merit with reference to Islam. Many tribal leaders made claims to prophethood; some made it during the lifetime of Muhammad. Of all people, you respect those who are most obedient to Allah and who fear Him the most. One suggestion was that it should be distributed on an ad hoc basis and whatever was received should be equally distributed. The Rashidun army maintained a very high level of discipline, strategic prowess and organization, along with motivation and self initiative of the officer corps.


The common tactic was to use the infantry and archers to engage and maintain contact with the enemy forces while the cavalry was held back till rashldun enemy was fully engaged. Dhimmis were allowed to “practice their religion, and to enjoy a measure of communal autonomy” and were guaranteed their personal safety and security of property, but only in return for paying tax and acknowledging Muslim rule. They were also provided ‘protection’ by the Islamic empire and were not expected to fight; rather the Muslims were entrusted to defend them.

Arab Renaissance House — Beirut, Lebanon.

Rashidun | caliphs |

On the other hand, Caliph Umar in the latter part of his Caliphate used to direct his generals as to where to stay and when to move to the next target and who was to command the left and right wing of the army in each particular battle. In the year the leaders of the rebels came from Egypt and Irak to Medina with a numerous following; and the caliph tried the plan of making promises which he did not intend to keep.

By the mid-7th Century, the Arabs controlled all of Mesopotamia, including the area that is now the Iranian province khulwfa Khuzestan. A Study of the Early Caliphate. A separate building was constructed zr the royal treasury by the name bait ul maalwhich in large cities was guarded by as rashicun as guards. Just as God can require unreasoning obedience from his creatures his “slaves” in Arabicso can the caliph, his representative on earth.

The Rashidun army was, in rashidunn and strength, below standard compared with the Sasanian and Byzantine armies.

Rashidun – Dynasties of the World

In other projects Wikimedia Commons. The Rashidun army was divided into the two basic categories, infantry and light cavalry. After the Muslim Conquest of Damascusthe Byzantine army was given a deadline of 3 days to flee as khulwfa as they could, with their families and treasure, or simply agree to stay in Damascus and pay tribute.

Once the rebellions had been put down, Abu Bakr began a war of conquest. Arab Renaissance House — Beirut, Lebanon.

When the citizens of the State imported goods for the purposes of trade, they had to pay the customs duty or import tax at lower rates. Ali then transferred his capital from Medina to Kufathe Muslim garrison city in what is now Iraq.


Rashidun Caliphate

And when people sat still, you stood side by side with the Messenger of Allah salAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallamfacing the same hardships that he faced. Abu Bakr Al-Baqillani has said that the leader of the Muslims simply should be from the majority. Sunni Knulafa developed the belief that the caliph is a temporal political ruler, appointed to rule within the bounds of Islamic law The rules of life set by Allah in the Qur’an.

Perceptions of Seven Eminent Thinkers.

Sunni schools of law. Cyrus had persecuted the local Coptic Christians.

In the time of Muhammad there was no permanent Bait-ul-Mal or public treasury. After the assassination of the third Caliph, Uthman ibn Affan, the Companions of Muhammad in Medina selected Ali to be the new Caliph who had been passed over for the leadership three times since the death of Muhammad.

Upon the conquest of Madyanit was settled by Muslims. After the conquest of Iraq, Khalid left Mesopotamia to lead another campaign in Syria against the Byzantine Empire, after which Mithna ibn Haris took command in Mesopotamia.

And by Allah, other than the death of the Messenger of Allah salAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam Muslims have never been afflicted with a greater calamity than the calamity of your death. Archived from the original on January 10, These were regions of great wealth controlled by powerful states, but long internecine conflict between Byzantines and Sasanians had left both sides militarily exhausted, and the Islamic armies easily prevailed against them.

The power of the Byzantine Empire was shattered during the Muslim conquest of Syria, and therefore the conquest of Egypt was much easier. Markets were established at convenient points, which were under the control of market officers who was supposed to check the affairs of market and quality of goods.

Category Islam portal Shia Islam portal.