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KUBARK Manual: A User’s Guide to Torture? – The KUBARK manual was written by the CIA in the s as a means of standardizing interrogation techniques. This manual cannot teach anyone how to be, or become, a good Its purpose is to provide guidelines for KUBARK interrogation, and. “An environment still more subject to control, such as water-tank or iron lung, is even more effective,” the KUBARK manual concludes.

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This kind of person affixes himself to others like a leech and clings obsessively.

Heightened Suggestibility and Hypnosis J. And better you cooperate, because if you don’t, we’re going to bring them in and rape them and torture them and kill them. It follows that determining the subject’s “ordinal position” before questioning begins may be useful to the interrogator. The failures of the interrogator, his painful retreats from blind alleys, bolster the confidence of the source and increase his ability to resist. The ideal solution would be to avoid all categorizing.

Its purpose is to keep from the questioner any guilty information or information that would be damaging to the speaker’s self-esteem. Defectors from hostile intelligence services, doubles, provocateurs, and others who have had more than passing contact with a Sino-Soviet service may, if they belong to this category, prove unusually responsive to suggestions from the interrogator that they have been treated unfairly by the other service.

Threats and Fear G. Embed TMS on your website!

Is there a torture manual?

But the successful establishment of rapport will tend to eliminate innocent blocks, or at least to keep them to a minimum. Even children are very quick to feel this kind of pretense. Experiencing relief and exhilaration, the subject will usually find it impossible not to respond to innocuous comments on the weather and the flowers. He has established the superiority that he mahuais need later, as the questioning develops, and he has increased the chances of establishing rapport.

Making a person feel more and more guilty normally increases both his anxiety and his urge to cooperate as a means of escape. The colors of walls, ceiling, rugs, and furniture should not be startling. They are far less likely to kubzrk real personal sacrifices for a cause than to use them as a temporary means of obtaining a permanent personal gain. Other reasons for changing interrogators should be anticipated and avoided at the outset. Except within the Communist frame of reference, they have paid less attention to the creation of internal controls — i.


Other applicable hypotheses are that fear increases the affiliative needs of first-born and only children much more than those of the later-born.

His primary interest, from the beginning, may be the acquisition of information about the interrogator and his service. The New Indigenous Struggles in Mexico. An interrogation is not merely a verbal performance; it is a vocal performance, and the voice projects tension, fear, a dislike of certain topics, and kubari useful pieces of information.

Some of the material was similar to the older CIA manuals described below. If statements rest on assumptions, mznuais facts upon which the conclusions are based are necessary to evaluation.

CIA Torture Manual: See Inside The Declassified KUBARK Handbook

Allowing an interrogatee to receive carefully selected letters from home can contribute to effects desired by the interrogator. But if rapport has been kubarl, the interrogatee will be quick to sense and resent this change of attitude. It is a protective defense mechanism.

These in turn produce unnatural pauses, meaningless sounds designed to give the speaker more time, or other interruptions.


The interrogator who is dealing with an orderly-obstinate character should avoid the role of hostile authority. Some people cannot bring themselves to provide information that puts them in an unfavorable light until, through a lengthy prefatory rationalization, they feel that they have set the stage that the interrogator will now understand why they acted as they did.

Here, too, a flat rule is unrealistic. Whenever possible, KUBARK should secure a copy of the file or its full informational equivalent before accepting custody. For example, a source who refuses to talk at all can be placed in unpleasant solitary confinement for a time. Arrangements are usually made to record the interrogation, transmit it to another room, or do both. The true defector as distinguished from the hostile agent in defector’s guise is likely to have a history of opposition to authority.

Clothes may also be taken simply to alienate the detainee and make him or her less comfortable. Planning and subsequent conduct should eliminate such cross-currents before they develop, especially because the source will seek to turn them to his advantage. His convictions that “something will turn up”, that “everything will work out all right”, is based on his need to avoid his own responsibility for events and depend upon a kindly fate. The two-man team, in particular, is subject to unintended antipathies and conflicts not called for by assigned roles.


If you have in your possession a letter written by the witness, in which he takes an opposite position on some part of the case to the one he has just sworn to, avoid the common error of showing the witness the letter for identification, and then reading it to him with the inquiry, ‘What have you to say to that?

If not, the walk-in may be asked to undergo such testing at a later date. Or he may project himself to the resistant interrogatee as powerful and ominous in order to eradicate resistance and create the necessary conditions for rapport while remaining wholly uncommitted at the deeper level, noting the significance of the subjects reactions and the effectiveness of his own performance.

If operational use is now contemplated, conversion is imperative. Are subsequent contacts necessary or desirable, and kuubark recontact provisions been arranged? Such items should be entered into the record, but it is normally preferable not to diverge from an impersonal topic in order to follow a biographic lead. It is frequently said that the interrogator should be “a good judge of human nature.

A Mannuais Guide to Torture? Here Horowitz’s study of the nature of confession is pertinent. The Conclusion C. The short-range purpose is to enlist his cooperation toward this end or, if he is resistant, to destroy his capacity for resistance and replace it with a cooperative attitude.

U.S. Army and CIA interrogation manuals

The interrogator wants to be fair. Once questioning starts, the interrogator is called upon to function at two levels. A plain table may be preferable.